1839 - 1906
Paul Cézanne was a pivotal figure in the passage from the loose style of the Impressionists, to the geometric formal studies of Cubism and Futurism. When looking through his works, his style sits comfortably on the border of painterly and linear, with aspects of both seen in his paintings. Cézanne often used the same subject matter in series of works, which include round fruits, skulls and bathers. He seems encapsulated by form and composition and the way objects react to each other.
Still Life: Flask, Glass and Jug c.1877
This is an example of Cézanne’s still life studies; notice how the background is painterly in style, and yet the objects are outlined and the brushstrokes are visible as separate forms themselves, (click here for a reminder of linear and painterly styles.) I adore Cézanne’s use of rich autumnal colours and the way the patterned background works with the central objects.
Mont Sainte-Victoire is one of Cézanne’s slightly later works and seems to be a quick study intended to focus on light and colour; you can see how the paint is not as built up with layers and texture as it is in Still Life: Flask, Glass and Jug. Cézanne did a whole series of works based around this mountain and it is worth checking them on Google Images to see the changes in light and technique, again reminiscent of the Impressionists.
Mont Sainte-Victoire 1885-95