Francisco Goya, The Second of May, 1808 and The Third of May 1808, both 1814

The Second of May, 1808 is a depiction of the Dos de Mayo Uprising in Madrid, when the Spanish rebelled against Napoleon’s occupation of the city. Goya chose to paint a scene of brutal street fighting, which was followed up by a separate depiction of the mass executions that took place in the aftermath of the uprising, The Third of May 1808. Here, the French soldiers are shown aiming their rifles at the group of Madrid inhabitants who have been sentenced to death. Goya uses an artificial spotlight to illuminate the Spanish men and elevate them to a heroic status.