ARTIST OF THE WEEK: Wassily Kandinsky, 1866-1944
Wassily Kandinsky was a highly influential Russian artist whose most prominent works involve the study of shape, line, colour and dynamic composition. He moved to Munich in 1930, and later settled in France after the Nazis closed the Bauhaus school of art in 1933.
Because of this constant emigration, Kandinsky is associated with numerous modern art movements and groups across Europe, including expressionism, Bauhaus and the pre-WWI group Der Blaue Reiter (or The Blue Rider). The name Der Blaue Reiter comes from a painting by Kandinsky of a blue rider and his horse galloping across a lurid green landscape, though is it still unclear if the painting’s name inspired the movement’s, or if the painting was titled later. The group focused on spirituality and symbolism, with Kandinsky citing the colour blue as the colour of human transcendency.