ARTIST OF THE WEEK: Bridget Riley, 1931-
Bridget Riley is a English artist specialising in abstract compositions experimenting with colour, shape, line and illusion. This style culminated in the development of Op Art, or optical art. Other artists who associated with this style include Victor Vasarely and Josef Albers. From the Tate:
Riley was born at Norwood, London, the daughter of a businessman. Her childhood was spent in Cornwall and Lincolnshire. She studied at Goldsmiths’ College from 1949 to 1952, and at the Royal College of Art from 1952 to 1955. She began painting figure subjects in a semi-impressionist manner, then changed to pointillism around 1958, mainly producing landscapes. In 1960 she evolved a style in which she explored the dynamic potentialities of optical phenomena. These so-called ‘Op-art’ pieces, such as Fall, 1963 (Tate Gallery T00616), produce a disorienting physical effect on the eye.